Velvet Ice Cream has just opened the largest expansion capital improvement in the company’s storied 102-year history. Velvet broke ground on a new 23,000-square-foot expansion, with price tag of more than $3 million, last August. The expansion added a new state-of-the-art warehouse freezer distribution facility to Velvet Ice Cream’s central Ohio plant at Ye Olde Mill in Utica, more than doubling the company’s freezing and picking capacity. On the heels of significant expansion into the Kentucky and other markets, demand for Velvet Ice Cream has grown, taking the company from $25 million in revenue in 2009 to more than $30 million in 2014. As a result, last summer, Velvet was nearly at capacity with its former distribution facility.
“Our expansion allows us to improve sustainability, sharpen efficiencies and produce more delicious Velvet Ice Cream in order to meet increased demand,” said Velvet Ice Cream President Luconda Dager. “But it also positions us well for future growth and expansion.”
Dager helped the more than 100 attendees at the expansion ribbon cutting to better understand the project’s size, sharing the following details on the new facility:
Velvet Ice Cream worked with the Licking County, Ohio firm Robertson Construction as general contractor for the project, which took 14 months to complete. Currently employing a staff of 125, Velvet’s new distribution facility initially will require the addition of eight new employees in its picking and shipping operations. However, the development enables the company further to expand production as new accounts are acquired, which is expected to increase future employment. The project also uses the latest green technology, minimizing the company’s environmental footprint via environmentally friendly design, motion-controlled energy efficient lighting, state-of-the-art insulating panels and high-speed automated doors.
Dager added that thanks to the support of tax abatement from North Fork Local School District and Velvet’s partners at People’s Bank and Freije-RSC Engineered Solutions Company, the expansion makes it possible for the company to not only continue serving existing customers, but also enter new markets and forge new partnerships, like those Velvet already has with major retailers and other food service partners.
This year, Velvet Ice Cream celebrates 102 years of making ice cream in Ohio. Founded in 1914 by Joseph Dager, four generations of Dager family have since run the company. Still family-owned and operated, Velvet produces and distributes more than 5 million gallons of ice cream every year from its headquarters on the grounds of Ye Olde Mill. Ye Olde Mill also houses an ice cream and milling museum, a restaurant, playground, picnic area and catch-and-release fish pond.
Named by Frommer’s as one of America’s 10 Best Ice Cream Factory Tours, Velvet’s Ye Olde Mill welcomes 150,000 visitors each year for tours, tastings and events. The annual Ice Cream Festival, group tour experiences and school learning field trips are among the many draws to Ye Olde Mill, which is open to the public April 20-October 31. Complete information about Velvet Ice Cream and Ye Olde Mill is available www.VelvetIceCream.com on Twitter at @VelvetIceCream or Facebook.com/VelvetIceCream.
By Lorrie Baumann
Bellwether Farms‘ Blackstone was released to the market in small quantities just this January, and the cheese already has a growing fan base. Blackstone placed first in its category for mixed milk cheeses with flavor added during this year’s American Cheese Society Judging and Competition. It’s made from two-thirds Jersey cow milk and one-third sheep milk, with black peppercorns incorporated into the paste and a hand-rubbed black rind that combines rosemary and black pepper with vegetable ash.
The three-pound wheel has the elegant eminence of Patrick Stewart declaiming Shakespeare. When it’s cut, slices from the wedge have a thin black border that lends a satisfying weight to even the thinnest of slices and a color contrast that adds beauty to their arrangement on the cheese board.
Blackstone’s flavor is strongly influenced by the tang of the sheep milk – think Manchego – with extra zing and texture from the peppercorns along with caramel notes and a rich and satisfying mouthfeel that come from the Jersey milk. It pairs beautifully with a wide range of beers, and the peppery/herbal notes make a nice complement to a pinot noir or Syrah.
The black rind was part of cheesemaker Liam Callahan’s original inspiration for the cheese, he said. “There aren’t that many aged cheeses that have a rind that actively contributes interesting flavor notes to it. It’s more common for washed-rind cheeses, but with aged cheeses, it’s just protecting it from the environment,” he said. “For this cheese, the rind is more than something to nibble up to and throw away, more than a board-flavored musty component. The rosemary doesn’t taste of rosemary, but it helps give a savory element to the rind. Plus, it looks cool. As soon as you put it out there, people say ‘What’s that?’ They are drawn to the look of the cheese.”
The vegetable ash/rosemary/black pepper mixture is hand-rubbed onto the cheese in several stages as it ages over about 10 weeks. The ash helps control the acidity at the cheese’s surface, but it also melds together the different particle sizes of the rosemary and black pepper, Callahan said. “The very powdery vegetable ash just helped to hold it all together.”
Blackstone starts its aging on wood shelves, and then it’s moved to wire shelves and then back to the boards, with the transitions timed to respond to the moisture levels at the rind. “We’re still playing with the timing of those transitions to get the right moisture on that rind at the key moments when it needs it,” Callahan said.
Distribution for the cheese is still ramping up, and it’s currently available almost exclusively in California, where it’s selling readily for prices between $25 and $30 per pound. “It’s a difficult cheese to make, and at retail, it’s an expensive cheese that demands the right attention to it,” he said. “But restaurants love to feature something that’s so visual on the cheese board.”
“I never make more than about 120 wheels at a time. All of our vats are small, and it’s hands-on,” he added. “It’s been figuring out how to ramp up production in a way that maintains the quality and consistency. It’s really been a fun cheese to work on.”
Callahan expects Blackstone to reach a wider audience once more people have had the opportunity to taste it and as his production increases. “We are actively talking about it now, and samples are getting out there, and people are hearing from folks – they’re really liking it so much,” he said. “We really do expect this to be a major cheese for us. It’s so good, and we like it so much, and it’s unique in the marketplace.”
Cypress Grove, the artisan goat cheese company known best for its flagship cheese, Humboldt Fog, says “out with the old and in with the new” as it refreshes, revitalizes and renews its brand. The award-winning goat cheese company has dropped the “chevre” from its name to embrace its all-American background as well as opted for new labels, which provide a more comprehensive look and feel for each of its cheeses and convey a sense of Cypress Grove’s rich 30+-year history.
Cypress Grove was founded in 1983 by Mary Keehn, a self-proclaimed hippie, in an effort to provide wholesome nourishment for her children. She asked her neighbor if she could buy two goats for milk and the neighbor replied with a grin, “Honey, if you can catch ‘em, you can have ‘em.” So a determined Mary went out with grain each day and eventually lured two goats to her property and began making cheese with the excess milk. After travelling to France to taste, test and learn, she dreamed up the idea for Cypress Grove’s first iconic cheese, Humboldt Fog, while asleep on the long overseas flight home. The rest, as they say, is history. The brand has grown tremendously under the direction of Cypress Grove President Pamela Dressler, and has won more than 100 cheese awards both nationally and internationally. Each of Cypress Grove’s 14 fine cheeses bestow playful names, all with their own story, including: Truffle Tremor®, Humboldt Fog®, Bermuda Triangle®, Lamb Chopper®, Midnight Moon®, PsycheDillic®, Sgt Pepper®, Ms. Natural®, Herbs de Humboldt® and Purple Haze®.
One of the key changes to come out of this brand refresh was the removal of the French word “chevre” from the company’s name. Dressler said, “We can’t wait to launch the new designs and introduce our new look to consumers.” The company will remain true to its American roots and Dressler elaborated, “We place incredible importance on maintaining the same standards and values that we always have—now we just have a fresh aesthetic to showcase them.” The new, streamlined look will increase brand awareness and help customers discover each and every tasty flavor, reminding consumers of Cypress Grove’s many cheese varietals beyond the crowd favorite and Original American Original™, Humboldt Fog.
The revamped look also represents Cypress Grove’s commitment to the growing goat cheese industry in America and proves that cheese does not have to be complicated to be memorable and delicious. The artisan cheese company built a state-of-the-art, technologically-advanced goat dairy to mentor other commercial goat dairies and teach them about the connection between herd health, high-yielding animals and high-quality milk. To Cypress Grove’s knowledge, on average its goats produce more goat milk per head than any other commercial dairy in the United States.
Starting October 1, all cheese retailers and distributors will begin to debut the new Cypress Grove branding, and consumers will find the new look in local grocery chains and stores nationwide. For more information, check out the new designs by visiting cypressgrovecheese.com, Instagram, Twitter or Facebook.
By Lorrie Baumann
The American Cheese Society presented its Lifetime Achievement Award this year to Mike and Carol Gingrich, who, together with their partners Dan and Jeanne Patenaude, are the people behind Pleasant Ridge Reserve, the only cheese ever to have won the American Cheese Society’s Best of Show award three times. Given the growth of the American artisanal cheese community over the years since 2001, when Pleasant Ridge Reserve was first made, it is unlikely that that record will ever be topped.
When the American Cheese Society held its first contest in 1985, 30 companies entered 89 cheeses. This year, 260 cheesemakers entered 1,843 cheeses into the ACS’ annual cheese competition, and the size of the organization has nearly doubled over the last decade to almost 1,700 current members. “This year’s cheese was without a doubt the best cheese that’s ever come through competition,” said American Cheese Society President Dick Roe.
That growth reflects Americans’ growing love affair with cheese. Whether they’re grating it over pasta, draping slices over their burgers or stirring shreds into the sauce for a mac and cheese, Americans can’t get enough of the stuff. The USDA reported that Americans ate an average of 33.9 pounds of cheese per person in 2014, a figure that has more than doubled since 1975, when the average American ate 14.2 pounds of cheese per year.
The Gingrich and Patenaude families began their partnership with the idea that their Wisconsin dairy farm would be based on ideas about rotational grazing that were then new. Or rather, very old.
Their idea was that by letting the cows go out into the pasture to roam around they would eat a variety of mixed grasses and forbs. They’d keep the cows from overgrazing their favorite bit of pasture until they’d eaten it down to the ground by moving them frequently between small paddocks surrounded by electric fencing. That would keep the pastures healthy and allow the cows to enjoy more freedom, to live lives more like those of their ancestral ruminants, an animal classification that includes not only cattle but sheep, goats and camels. “It’s better for the cows. It’s better for the land. It’s better for the farmer,” said Andy Hatch, who bought Uplands cheese two years ago along with his own partners, his wife, Caitlin, and Scott and Liana Mericka. Andy makes the cheese, and Scott manages the herd.
As they improved their pastures with a healthy mix of vegetation, Mike and Dan started thinking that they could make better use of the flavors in the milk their cows had begun producing by making it into cheese rather than selling it into the local commodity milk market.
Today, Andy and Scott manage Uplands Cheese pretty much the same way that Mike and Dan did, as a 300-acre farmstead whose 150 cows are born and bred on pastures that are intensively managed to provide the cows with a rich and varied diet and to preserve the health of the land. “We’ve grown, but we’re still staying true to those original principles…. Our intention is to not change the way we do things,” Andy told me when I met him for the first time on a Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board-sponsored visit to Uplands Cheese.
I met him again at the American Cheese Society’s annual meeting at the end of July, where he was taking part in the event that drew around 1,200 cheesemakers, cheesemongers and cheese enthusiasts from around the U.S. to Des Moines, Iowa, for a few days of continuing education, professional networking, fellowship with the community, strutting of t-shirts declaring an allegiance to cheese, and quite a lot of appreciation for the products of other artisans who share cheesemakers’ respect for, and indebtedness to, the natural microorganisms that ferment milk into cheese, grain into beer and grapes into wine, as well as, of course, the annual contest that recognizes their cheeses for their aesthetic and technical merit. Known familiarly as “Cheese Camp,” this was the ACS’ 33rd annual conference and competition, and Andy was there partly to reunite with his fellow cheesemakers and partly to present the Lifetime Achievement Award to his mentor. “It feels unmissable in the same way that a family reunion or a college roommate’s wedding feels unmissable,” he said. “This is the one time of the year when nearly all of us, the tribe, gather.”
“It’s a chance for us in the younger generation to spend time with the older generation – people who’ve accomplished what I want to accomplish,” he continued. “They’ve earned their stripes, the elders.”
ACS Vice President Jeff Jirik introduced the presentation ceremony for the Lifetime Achievement Award. “There are many who devote their lives and their careers to cheese, and they’re in it for the long haul,” Jirik said. “This is for the people whose work has a major, long-term impact on the cheese industry.”
He turned the podium over to Andy Hatch, who started his speech by observing that, “Mike started in the days when the Wisconsin wisdom was to get big or get out. Mike got small and got ahead.”
Then he began to tell the story of Mike and Carol Gingrich as he knew them. Andy heard about Uplands Cheese the first time while he was a student in the dairy science program at the University of Wisconsin. After he graduated, he came to Mike and asked him for a job. Mike told him to go to Europe for a couple of years and learn more about making cheese, so Andy did that. Then he came back to Uplands and begged for a job until Mike just caved in and hired him as an apprentice in 2007. “Those of us who had the privilege of working on the farm will always remember his humility and his generosity,” Andy said.
He noted that in those early days, Mike and Carol would come into work on Sunday to clean the bathrooms because that wasn’t something they wanted to ask any of their other employees to do. “This was a thin, rocky dairy farm on top of Pleasant Ridge,” Andy said. “He made it possible for me, an apprentice with no money to my name, to take over an operation like his.”
Mike stepped up to the microphone to explain that his wife was ill and unable to travel to the conference, but he’d pass on the best wishes he was receiving. “She’ll be very happy,” he said, and then he told the story of how Pleasant Ridge Reserve came to be. ACS was founded in 1983, and by the time Mike attended his first conference, held at the University of Wisconsin campus in 1998, he was among about 100 other people who immediately encouraged him to try cheesemaking as a way of preserving the unique flavors he was getting in his milk through his rotational grazing program. “With rotational grazing, you’re giving cows new grass every day, so we were convinced that we were getting unique flavors,” he said.
His first thought about how to do that was to seek out local cheesemakers and persuade them to try out his milk in their signature cheeses, and he came to the conference looking for those cheesemakers. He met people who invited him to their farms and creameries, who gave him advice on wooden aging boards, who offered help with his business plan and who told him about the University of Wisconsin’s Center for Dairy Research. “I thought, Talk about an underserved market. People are climbing mountains. I knew immediately that the business plan I had was worthless,” he said. “It was really a life-changing experience.”
After that meeting, the goal became that, instead of finding a cheesemaker to use the Uplands Farm milk, Mike would find a way to make a unique cheese, and they’d market it themselves. They started tasting cheeses and found Beaufort, a firm alpine cheese made in the French Alps of the Haute-Savoie, with a Protected Designation of Origin since 1968. He went back to the Center for Dairy Research and the team there started developing a Wisconsin version of the cheese with him. By the winter of 2000, they’d figured out what they were going to make and how they were going to make it. They just didn’t have a creamery yet, so when the summer’s milk came in, Bob Wills, of Cedar Grove Cheese and Clock Shadow Creamery, sent a truck down to Uplands to pick up Mike and Carol and their milk and bring it down to his creamery to make a batch of cheese. Then, one Saturday in late October, Pleasant Ridge Reserve first appeared on the menu of L’Etoile Restaurant in Madison, Wisconsin and in the cheese case at Madison’s Whole Foods Market. “We were in the cheese business,” Mike said.
The next challenge was to sell the rest of the 600 wheels they made that year, so they decided they’d enter a wheel into the 2001 ACS awards. Pleasant Ridge Reserve won its first best of show award. “Uplands Cheese is a product of ACS,” Mike said. “Many of our first customers were people we met at ACS… ACS really produced us.”
Steve Ehlers was one of those retailers who fell in love with Pleasant Ridge Reserve. He owned Larry’s Market in Brown Deer, a suburb of Milwaukee, and before he and his dad Larry introduced fancy cheese to their customers, the commodity cheddar and sliced American cheese that Wisconsin creameries turn out in industrial quantities was pretty much what most Wisconsinites who hadn’t traveled outside the country knew of cheese. “At that time, the only cheeses you could get in Wisconsin were commodity cheddar, commodity brick,” said Patty Peterson, Steve’s sister.
That began to change in the 1970s, when Larry and Steve Ehlers, looking for an edge in the grocery business, went to the Summer Fancy Food Show and bought some French cheeses to sell to their upscale customers who’d traveled to Europe and would know what they were. They got that first shipment of French cheese into their store on a Friday afternoon and had sold it all by Saturday at noon, Peterson says. “Of course, my father is the consummate salesman,” she adds. “He can still sell like nobody’s business.”
In 2001, Steve was at the American Cheese Society’s contest in Louisville, Kentucky, to see Mike Gingrich win his best of show award for Pleasant Ridge Reserve in its first year of production. In the years since then, he and his family made Larry’s Market into a conduit that helped elevate the standard for Wisconsin cheeses. “At Larry’s Market, we’ve always tried to nurture and encourage young cheesemakers, not just by buying their products but by giving them honest feedback,” Peterson said. Cheesemakers are the people who matter most at this meeting, she said. “That’s where most of the information should come from. That being said, without retailers, they’re not going to sell their stuff…. This wouldn’t be here without the cheesemakers, but the whole chain is important.”
“It’s developing relationships with cheesemakers…. There’s a lot of sharing with the group I know,” she added. “It’s a lot of getting to know the cheesemakers and other retailers and making genuine relationships.”
The quality of those relationships was as apparent as the ever-present cheese at mealtimes in the ACS’s tribute to its members who’d died over the year since the Society’s last annual meeting, when Jeff Jirik came back to the podium to ask the community to remember their friend Steve Ehlers, who died on May 31. “This past year, we lost ACS board member Steve Ehlers from Larry’s Market…. To all of you who have left us this year, thank you for your service to cheese,” he said. “I just wanted to say that, Steve, you will be truly missed.” It was the first of the two times during the conference that I saw this monolith of a man, a head above most of the others around him, let a tear come to his eye.
Peterson was, of course, one of the people who were missing her brother. “He would have loved to see Mike Gingrich get the Lifetime Achievement Award,” she said.
Peterson came to Des Moines this year to judge the fresh unripened cheeses, mozzarella balls and sheep milk cheeses aged more than 60 days. She worked alongside a technical judge who examined the cheeses for defects while she judged the aesthetics of the cheeses, awarding them points for their taste, appearance and aromas – “all the unique and desirable things that make cheese great,” according to John Antonelli, who chaired the judging committee this year. Just stage-managing the annual competition is a feat in itself, particularly in a year when local temperatures in Des Moines approached 100 degrees, which meant that special attention had to be paid to keeping the cheese cool while it was received and judged. This year, the Hy-Vee supermarket chain donated the use of several refrigerated trucks to help. “All 1,843 entries came in on Friday,” Antonelli said. This year’s contest divided the entries into 108 subcategories and produced more than 350 winners. “A record for us – pretty special,” Antonelli said.
For each category, the cheeses that are entered are each judged on their own merits. A technical judge starts by giving each cheese 50 points and then subtracts points for technical flaws. The aesthetic judge starts with a zero and add points for aesthetic qualities. The scores are added for a maximum of 100 points for the cheese. Then, after the scores are added up, they’re arranged in order, with the top-scoring cheese awarded first place. Then the next-highest score gets a second-place award, and the next-highest after that gets third place. Tied scores are allowed for second and third, but there is only one first place. In the event that the initial judging ends with a tie for first, the judges are asked to go back and look at the top cheeses for something that makes them stand out, something that might not have been sufficiently appreciated the first time around. At this stage, points are never subtracted from a cheese’s score – there’s only room for a little extra appreciation and that tiny half-point that elevates one cheese among all its competitors.
This year, though, something unexpected happened: the contest broke its own rule about allowing no tie for first place. “The competition has never had a 100-point tie before,” Antonelli said. This happened in the contest’s open category for soft-ripened cheeses made from cow’s milk, and four cheeses entered into the category all achieved perfect scores. “Because it’s open there’s a wide variety of cheeses in the category,” Antonelli said. “A judge scoring a 100 for Harbison (made by the Cellars at Jasper Hill) could also score a 100 for Moses Sleeper (made by the Cellars at Jasper Hill) because each of these cheeses were at their best…. It would have been insulting to the cheesemakers to ask the judges to break that tie.” The four cheeses who shared that first-place award were Cellars at Jasper Hill Harbison, Cellars at Jasper Hill Moses Sleeper, MouCo Cheese Company MouCO Ashley and Sweet Rowen Farmstead Mtn. Ash. Then, in a slightly less dramatic turn, there was another first-place tie with 100-point scores, this time in the category for cheddars wrapped in cloth and aged more than 12 months. Atalanta Corporation/Mariposa Dairy got a perfect score for Lenberg Farms Classic Reserve by Celebrity, Lindsay Bandaged Cheddar, and Cows Creamery also received a perfect score for its Avonlea Clothbound Cheddar – Aged Over 12 Months.
Winning an ACS award takes a lot of luck with the right circumstances as well as a good cheese, says Andy Hatch, whose Pleasant Ridge Reserve has won its category more times than he has counted in addition to those three best of show awards. The win draws a lot of media attention as well as orders from retailers. “It doesn’t guarantee you commercial success, but you step up to the plate with the bases loaded,” he said.
After the cheeses were judged and their scores awarded, they went back into those Hy-Vee refrigerator trucks to be stored for the Festival of Cheese, an event-ending fundraiser for the American Cheese Society’s American Cheese Education Foundation. The Foundation supports “educational opportunities for all those interested in producing, marketing, selling and appreciating North America’s artisan, farmstead, and specialty cheeses.”
For Seana Doughty, the co-Founder and Cheesemaker of Bleating Heart Cheese, her second-place tie in the best of show category was a vindication. I first met her in 2015, during a trip to northern California to talk with cheesemakers there about how they were handling California’s drought, a water shortage that could turn out to be the reality they’re dealing with for the foreseeable future even though the climatologists aren’t sure yet if it’s a matter of normal cyclic weather patterns, to be broken by a season or two of good rains, or a symptom of global climate change. She was dealing with that on top of another problem – she’d had to recall her entire production from 2014 after the federal Food and Drug Administration found Listeria monocytogenes in samples of the creamery’s cheeses and then delayed informing her of the problem while she continued making and selling more cheese, and she was still reeling. There were no reports of illness resulting from the contamination, but the recall itself cost the creamery about $200,000 and nearly put Doughty out of business. By the time I visited with her in mid-2015, she’d scrubbed her creamery from top to bottom, changed a good many of her operating practices, and was back in business, but she’d cashed in everything she owned to get there, and she couldn’t afford for one more thing to go wrong. She seemed wounded then, and she could barely hold back the tears when she told me how angry she was that the FDA hadn’t let her know about the problem sooner and instead, let her keep buying milk to make cheese that ultimately ended up in the landfill. That delay increased both her losses and the chances that someone could have been sickened by the cheese they’d bought before she could recall it from the market.
She’d started making Buff Blue, a blue cheese made from water buffalo milk, right around the time her world was falling in on her in late 2014. A friend who owned one of the few water buffalo dairy herds in the U.S. had been urging her to try making cheese with some of his milk. During the summer, he uses his milk to make gelato that sells in northern California specialty shops, but demand for gelato declines during the winter, leaving him with a milk surplus that he wanted to sell her. Doughty told him no at first, since she makes exclusively American Originals cheeses and had less than no interest in making mozzarella di bufala, which is what cheesemakers usually do with water buffalo milk.
But he kept asking her, and she kept thinking about it and finally decided to try making a water buffalo blue cheese. She’d made blue cheese from sheep’s milk before, but other than that experience, she had no real guidance, since the literature that has been written about making cheese from water buffalo milk is all in Italian and she doesn’t speak the language. That left trial and error as her experiment strategy.
She did some experiments with different strains of Penicillium roqueforti, the mold that puts the blue in blue cheese, until she found one that produced the flavor she liked, she learned how to skate her way around her creamery on the thin film of water buffalo butterfat that found its way everywhere whenever she handled the milk, and she named her new cheese Buff Blue.
When she had a cheese she liked, she sent it to the World Cheese Awards, where it won a bronze medal in its first competition. In 2015, Buff Blue won a third place award in its subcategory for blue cheeses made from milks other than cows’ in the ACS competition. This year, it won a first-place award in its category for blue-veined cheeses made from sheep’s, mixed or other milks and then went on to tie for second place in the best of show category.
It’s a unique cheese – the only blue cheese made from water buffalo milk on the American market, and its quantity is severely limited by the gallon of milk a day that her friend gets from each of his water buffalo. “I’m going to tell him, ‘Dude, you need to increase your herd,’” Doughty said.
Listeria was a topic of discussion several times at this year’s Cheese Camp, including during the FDA Update that’s an annual feature of the conference and during the workshop in which Doughty shared her experience with her fellow cheesemakers. Of all the possible causes of foodborne illness related to cheese, Listeria monocytogenes is of particular concern, both because it’s capable of surviving in environments that kill other bacteria and because the potential consequences of listeriosis, the illness caused by the bacteria, are so serious: listeriosis can result to fetal loss in pregnant women and to serious illness or death in people who are elderly or have compromised immune systems.
This year, Dr. Nega Beru, Director of the Office of Food Safety in the Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, was a guest speaker for the annual FDA presentation that many of the cheesemakers attend with a blend of anxiety and reluctant concession to necessity with which they might otherwise view their annual dental exam. The general assembly room was filled early with both cheesemakers and retailers gathered for the latest intelligence on what many regard as the agency’s war on raw milk cheeses, a crusade that they believe ignores millennia of history of cheese as a safe food for an unnecessary, ignorant and ultimately futile effort to eliminate all risk of foodborne illness for the American consumer.
Humans have been making cheese since about 6500 B.C. Ceramic sieves of the kind used into the modern era for separating curds from whey are abundant in the archaeological record, and analyses of the residues on pottery shards dating from around 6500 to 6000 B.C. confirm that the pots were used to store processed dairy products, most likely cheese and ghee.
Today’s cheesemaking grows out of the body of knowledge that has been accumulating for all of those 8,000 years and more. The milk is warmed in a stainless steel or copper vat instead of in a clay pot over an open fire, the cheese is aged in a concrete room that uses climate control equipment to replicate the conditions of a natural cave, and it’s monitored along the way with sophisticated laboratory equipment, but it’s still a human being who scatters salt over the curds and who eyeballs the curd to decide if it’s ready to go into the molds. A human nose monitors the smells in the cheese room that indicate the health of the microorganism community that transforms the milk into cheese, human hands flip the cheese wheels as they’re aging to be sure of a uniform paste, and it’s a human being who ultimately tastes the cheese to decide if it’s ready to go to market. This means that much of the artisanal cheesemaking across the country, in Wisconsin, in California, in Vermont and New York, in Missouri and Georgia, simply pauses for a few days every July so the cheesemakers can go to this annual meeting.
These cheesemakers insist that if the FDA were to regulate raw milk cheeses out of the American market, what would go along with them are the complex flavors that only develop through the interplay of the enzymes and proteins comprising raw milk with beneficial microorganisms from the surrounding environment that create the fermentation that turns raw milk into the complex living entity that is an unpasteurized cheese. It’s those complex flavors that are now enabling artisanal American cheeses to compete with traditional European cheeses on the world market. To force cheesemakers to rely on modern pasteurization rather than ancient knowledge of cheesemaking arts coupled with high-tech monitoring of the process with modern laboratory equipment would kill, not just pathogens, but also the qualities that give artisanal American cheeses their value in the marketplace.
Beru’s message to the cheesemakers this year was that after an 18-month campaign of collecting and analyzing samples of both domestic and imported raw milk cheese, the FDA found not much to worry about. What problems the agency did find were met with immediate corrective action, and no illnesses are known to have resulted. Out of 1,606 samples tested, the FDA detected Salmonella in three samples, two of them exported to the U.S. from France and the third exported from Italy. Listeria monocytogenes was detected in 10 samples, five in domestically produced raw milk cheese and five in imported samples. Of the contaminated samples that were domestically produced, three of the five came from a single company. The FDA detected Shiga toxin-producing E. coli in 11 of the 1,606 samples tested and determined just one of those samples to be pathogenic. “The contamination rate for each target pathogen was less than 1 percent,” Beru said.
After taking a look at the data, the FDA has declared a sort of temporary truce, stopping its large-scale sampling of raw milk cheese while the ACS continues to collect its own data on the practices that today’s cheesemakers are following to protect their products and the consumers who eventually eat the cheese. “We do not anticipate further large-scale raw milk cheese sampling,” Beru said. “We want to actively work with the industry to develop a plan to minimize the chances of contamination…. We intend to continue engaging in stakeholder dialog as we do with ACS…. FDA is committed to working with ACS on food safety.”
The second time during the conference that I saw a tear in Jirik’s eye came when he stepped onto the stage to accept his award in the best of show category for a cheese he made together with Wisconsin Master Cheesemaker Jeff Wideman of Maple Leaf Cheese. First place in the category was won by Little Mountain from the Roelli Cheese Company in Wisconsin, Second place was a tie between Bleating Heart Cheese’s Buff Blue and St. Malachi Reserve from The Farm at Doe Run in Pennsylvania, and Jeffs’ Select Gouda, the cheese made by Wideman and Jirik, tied for third place with Greensward, from Murray’s Cheese. Given the strength of the competition, a third-place tie was an enviable distinction, and Jirik was grateful that the award came while he’s still had cheese in the pipeline and could ramp up his production to handle the increased demand that was bound to result from the award. “I’ll be 60 years old next spring, and I’d never been in a best of show category before,” he said the morning after he’d accepted the county fair-type ribbon that’s what the ACS gives out to its winners. “Today I can’t see for walking on air.”
Jirik is the Vice President of of Quality and Product Development for Swiss Valley Farms. In 2001, he and a couple of partners had bought Caves of Faribault, fabled in American cheese lore as the place where the first commercial American blue cheese was made but which had been closed when the large cheese company that owned it decided to take production elsewhere.
“We started goofing around with aging cheese,” he said. They were looking for ways to enlist the cooperation of all the beneficial microorganisms that have flourished in the caves ever since they were used as a brewery before Prohibition shut down the nation’s beer business. Even today, brewers yeast is still present inside the caves, according to Jirik. “Caves have fantastic memory,” he said.
That was how Caves of Faribault came to Wideman’s attention. He was at the 2003 ACS meeting, and Jeff Jirik was wandering around trying to sell other cheesemakers on the idea of bringing some of their cheese to Caves of Faribault for extra affinage – the process of aging cheese. “He was talking about the magic of the caves,” Wideman says. Jirik urged Wideman to come up to Minnesota from his home in Green County, Wisconsin, and see his facility built into the St. Peter sandstone bluffs at Faribault, Minnesota.
Wideman started out his career making Swiss cheese and eventually moved on to Maple Leaf Cheese in 1981. “I knew we couldn’t survive making block Swiss and Monterey Jack,” he said. He got started making Gouda after a visit to Holland in which he bought 10 Gouda forms for $50, and he’s made a lot of Gouda in the years since then. After he met Jirik in 2003, it took a couple of years before he could make it up to Minnesota for a visit, but once he did, he agreed to send Jirik some of his Maple Leaf Cheese Gouda to see what he could make of it. “When he gave me that Gouda – I absolutely love that cheese,” Jirik said.
Jirik’s first step was coming to terms with the possibility that he’d take that cheese and ruin it. “As cheesemakers, we want to be on the edge,” he said. “There’s a hazard to that, and it’s that sometimes you go down the wrong path.”
He took Wideman’s Gouda into the aging room for the blue cheeses that have made Caves of Faribault a legend and let it age there. “It took off like a rocket,” he said. “The cheese hit nine months, and all of a sudden, we got a hint of caramel. That is a very difficult flavor to capture.”
Ecstatic, he sent off a sample to Wideman, who called right back to say that that Jirik had sent him the “best piece of cheese he’d ever put in his mouth,” and the two of them decided they were onto something that should be shared. “I couldn’t leave it alone,” Jirik said. “We were going to divvy it up and give it to some of our friends for Christmas.”
That’s exactly what happened to that batch of cheese, but when you’re a Midwestern cheesemaker of long standing, some of your best friends sell cheese for a living. “I got a call from one of those people to ask how many pallets of that he could get,” he said. “We are truly a community.”
They called the cheese Jeffs’ Select Gouda, a name they intended only as a working title until they could think of something better, but by the time they had to fill out the paperwork to enter it into the contest, no better ideas had come along, so “Jeffs’ Select Gouda” it was. Now, of course, the name has been permanently christened by the award.
Wideman is no longer active in the day-to-day business of Maple Leaf Cheese, so this win in the best of show category was a crowning achievement to a long career as a cheesemaker. “My wife and I never had children, but I’ve got so many children in this industry,” he said. “The marriage between Maple Leaf Cheese and Caves of Faribault has been wonderful.”
By Lorrie Baumann
Organic Valley is responding to consumer demand for “cleaner” products and more transparency around production methods with its Grassmilk™ product line of fluid milk, cheese and yogurt. In 2011, Organic Valley was the first national brand to launch a 100 percent grass-fed milk nationwide and trademarked the Grassmilk term. Production of the Grassmilk started in northern California in 2012, and distribution went national in 2013 after the company expanded production to Wisconsin and established national distribution for Grassmilk.
Since then, the Grassmilk product line has been expanded to include cheese, and the company launched Grassmilk Yogurt in plain and vanilla flavors. Single-serve Grassmilk yogurt cups will launch this fall at Natural Products Expo East in Baltimore. The line has been embraced by the marketplace, said Cate Hollowitsch, Community Engagement Manager for Organic Valley. “There’s been an increase in requests for organic products,” she said. “Retailers are realizing that their customers are looking for it.”
While all Organic Valley milk is sourced from pasture-raised cows, the farmer-owned dairy cooperative is taking that one step further for Grassmilk milk. The cows are 100 percent grass-fed and eat only fresh grasses when the pastures are green and dried forages, like hay, after grass season is over in the fall and winter. They do not eat supplemental grains – no corn or soybeans. Grassmilk has been shown to offer higher levels of Omega 3 fatty acids and conjugated linoleic acid, a polyunsaturated fatty acid that is thought to have positive effects on human health, compared to milk from cows fed a conventional dairy ration that includes grain.
The Grassmilk products appeal to an evolving audience of consumers who generally adopt organic food products either when they have children or when either they themselves or a close family member or friend experiences a serious health issue, said Organic Valley’s Director for Brand Management Tripp Hughes. In any given year, up to 25 percent of organic consumers are new within the past two years, he added. “There’s constantly new people coming into the category.”
He noted that even those consumers who adopted the organic ethos decades ago are still evolving, becoming more skeptical about their food and looking for more authenticity and transparency in the food they’re buying. “Authenticity and transparency are more critical today than they’ve ever been,” Hughes said.
As a result, Organic Valley has started organizing regional farm tours so consumers can visit its farms, and bringing its retailers out to visit its farmers as well. “Those farm tours are very popular,” Hughes said. “Quite often, it’s the first time the retailers have ever been on a farm.”
David Stratton, who’s been dairy farming at Stone Mill Farm in upstate New York for the past 14 years, is one of 81 dairy farmers in the northeastern U. S. who are supplying Organic Valley with the 100 percent grass-fed milk that goes into the Grassmilk products, with more expected to join the dairy cooperative next year. Organic Valley pays him a premium for his milk because it’s organically produced and another premium because he’s raising his 44 milking cows, an assortment of replacement heifer calves and five bulls on pasture and dried forage only. This is the way he dreamed of raising dairy cows when he was a child spending summers at his uncle’s farm, he said. That was what he describes as an “Old MacDonald type of farm” with a garden, cows, horses, chickens and pigs. “It was the cows I really liked,” he said.
When he grew up, he tried to find a way to become a dairy farmer through the years of his 20s, but he couldn’t find a way to do it. While he looked for a farm he could afford, he became a successful cabinet maker, but he kept dreaming. “I just couldn’t shake it out of my system,” he said.
Then, a friend referred him to a man who’d bought a dairy farm but knew nothing about farming and needed someone to manage it for him. The new owner had bought the farm to obtain a steady supply of cow manure to feed into the biogas generator he was inventing – the cows themselves were merely the means to that end. Stratton gave him a call, came out for a visit and landed the job.
Eleven months later, the inventor’s biogas project had cleaned him out, and he abandoned the 206-acre farm. “I had to leave or buy the farm,” Stratton said. “The bank took a chance on me.”
Stratton reseeded the pasture, which had been planted with corn and alfalfa – typical of the crops planted by many modern dairy farms, which rely on a scheme of a few plants plus supplements to make up nutritional deficits. Stratton’s reseeded pastures were designed as a complete diet for the cows, with each plant contributing its own chemistry and fiber content. Then he opened up the barn doors and let out into the sun the cows that had been confined inside to make it easier to collect their droppings. “I love the cows,” Stratton said. “I used to daydream about having a farm where the cows could graze naturally – and make a living doing it.”
He met his wife, Michelle, in January of 2014 through an online dating service. She’d been living in Manhattan since graduating from college with a degree in photography, first bartending and then becoming a doula and getting her nursing degree with a view to completing an advanced degree in midwifery. Despite her love of the city, after 13 years, she began to feel that she was a bit of a square peg trying to fit into a round hole, so she moved back home with her mom in Syracuse, about an hour away from where David was living on Stone Mill Dairy in Lebanon. She got a nursing job at the State University of New York’s Upstate University Hospital, and at the insistence of her brother in law, she signed up for an account on Match.com.
Her first date with David Stratton sealed the deal for her, she said. “The first night his passion was so profound and so infectious. I never met anyone who loves what they do as much as him. And he was so darn cute,” ” she said. “I felt like we both just knew. I feel like we were both looking for this…. I never fell that hard for somebody before.”
“She used to live in Manhattan, and now she’s Mrs. Stratton,” David interjected.
Not long after that first date, David brought her back to visit his dairy farm, where his cows were dry for the winter, and with no milking to do, the farm chores were at their seasonal low point. Michelle fell in love with both David and the quiet rhythm of winter on the farm. “And then calf season hit, and by then I was head over heels,” Michelle said.
David had plenty of time to introduce her to the history of his farm, which was deeded to its first owner, Zar Benedict, by Great Britain in 1812. His barn, the same one in which David milks his cows today, was originally built by 1814, when it first appears in the local records, and the house was likely also built in 1814. Benedict sold it to his son in 1856, and that son sold it out of the family in 1866. “I’m the 13th owner of this farm,” David said.
There’s very little about how he farms today that those early farmers wouldn’t recognize, even though he’s harvesting his hay with a modern baler. He’s milking in the same barn, which has been updated with electric fans for ventilation and electric milking equipment. The cows come into the barn twice a day to be milked, herded in from their pasture with David’s quiet whistle. While they’re milked, David spends time with each, assessing its health and well-being and making sure the cows are comfortable. After milking, they stroll back out to pasture again, taking time to nibble at the grasses near the fence line along the way. When the weather’s hot, they shade up under the trees, chewing their cuds and swatting away flies. “They get to be cows,” David said.
Today, Stone Mill Dairy is profitable – not something that every American dairy farmer can say with confidence, and Michelle describes herself as a part-time nurse, still working two shifts a week at Upstate University Hospital, and a full-time farmer, a role that she says she’s still growing into. “The significance of the farm is still growing on me. It’s a really extraordinary lifestyle. We live and work together 24 hours a day,” she said. “That’s the part we’re still navigating, the 24/7 of it all. But there’s so much beauty in that.”
“I met David, and I found that my life is so much more complete,” she continued. “I feel so lucky every day.”
The sixth annual American Cheese Month celebration kicks off October 1, with events and promotions taking place nationwide throughout the month. Launched by the American Cheese Society in 2011 to highlight the nation’s burgeoning artisan, farmstead, and specialty cheese industry, American Cheese Month is a celebration of the incredible quality and diversity of cheeses made by American producers.
The American Cheese Society will commemorate American Cheese Month in its hometown of Denver, Colorado, at the Great American Beer Festival, where more than 500 pounds of artisan and specialty cheese will be sampled to consumers alongside craft beer. Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper has also shown his support for American Cheese Month by issuing an official proclamation and publicly declaring that he is Pro-Cheese. Viewers can watch this video of Governor Hickenlooper, along with a series of Cheese Party campaign videos that offer a lighthearted take on this campaign season, on the American Cheese Society’s Vimeo site.
Nora Weiser, Executive Director of the American Cheese Society, said, “As more and more consumers seek out high quality, local foods, regional cheeses from around the country are growing a loyal following.” There are over 900 such cheesemakers in the U.S., and the quality of their cheeses is seen in the awards they garner around the world. “These cheesemakers are passionate, hard-working, and incredibly creative,” said Weiser. “It is an exciting time in this nation’s food scene, as the fruits of their labor are embraced so strongly.”
Revenue from sales of Cheese Party merchandise and select American Cheese Month events in October will support the nonprofit American Cheese Education Foundation. The Foundation is funding the first comprehensive survey of the U.S. artisan and specialty cheese industry.
Anyone with a love for cheese is encouraged to participate in American Cheese Month. A dedicated website and events calendar offer ideas for cheesemakers, retailers, distributors, chefs, enthusiasts, and others to get involved. Cheese lovers can also network on the American Cheese Month Facebook page and share photos of their celebrations on Twitter (#AmCheeseMonth, @CheeseSociety, @theCheeseParty).
If you would like to hold an American Cheese Month event, or if you are interested in learning more about partnership opportunities, contact the ACS office: 720.328.2788 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
American Cheese Month is made possible with support from Gourmet Foods International.
The Greek Gods® brand has introduced three new flavors of Greek-Style Yogurt; all with a creamy, rich chocolate base. The new flavors include hints of mocha, strawberry and cherry for a unique and decadent experience. The new yogurts are available in 24 ounce tubs.
“Our customers have enjoyed our decadent, whole milk Greek-Style Yogurts for many years, and chocolate was a natural fit for our newest addition,” said Basel Nassar, Chief Operating Officer of the Hain Refrigerated Foods Division. “Customer feedback has been extremely positive. The creamy, thick texture and rich taste of chocolate make these new flavors truly unique.”
The Greek Gods Greek-Style Yogurt and Kefir
The Greek Gods Greek-Style Yogurt is a brand of The Hain Celestial Group, Inc. The Greek Gods brand Greek-Style Yogurt and Kefir are gluten-free and contain live and active cultures. Plus, The Greek Gods brand Greek-Style Yogurt and Kefir are made with milk from cows that are not treated with growth hormones.
Organic Valley has introduced convenient 6-ounce Grassmilk® Yogurt™ Cups in four varieties: Strawberry, Wild Blueberry, Plain and Vanilla. The 100 percent grass-fed yogurt cups appeal to people looking for premium yogurt with extraordinary flavor, nutritional excellence and grab-and-go convenience.
Organic Valley’s Grassmilk Yogurt cups are exceptional in flavor and quality. They feature cream-on-top, whole milk yogurt crafted from 100 percent grass-fed, non-homogenized organic Grassmilk milk, along with organic strawberries, organic wild blueberries, organic fair trade vanilla and live probiotic cultures.
Good food enthusiasts understand that terroir can be a key factor for high-quality dairy, just as it is for vineyards and coffee estates. Grassmilk Yogurt’s taste profile is a result of where the cows live, seasonality, and what they eat.
Nutritionally, the co-op’s Grassmilk Yogurt flows with naturally-occurring calcium, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and omega-3s. Organic milk from 100 percent grass-fed cows has a more favorable fatty acid profile than milk from conventionally-fed cows. It is higher in omega-3 fatty acids and lower in omega-6 fatty acids. Minimally processed with nothing extra added and always organic there are no artificial colors, flavors or preservatives. Organic Valley never uses antibiotics, synthetic hormones, toxic pesticides or GMOs.
“Feeding our cows organic grass 100 percent of the time produces the highest quality milk and ensures our dairy cows lead longer, healthier lives—all while improving the health of the land,” said Wisconsin Organic Valley Farmer-Owner Kevin Jahnke.
Starting in September, Organic Valley Grassmilk Yogurt cups will be available in natural food stores, food cooperatives and major grocery chains nationwide with a suggested retail price of $1.69.
Rogue Creamery is releasing its 2016 Rogue River Blue cheese just in time for the autumnal equinox celebration on September 22. It is a fine year for Rogue River Blue, featuring excellent blue development in the creamy paste and a robust, meaty taste with exceptional elements of the blackberry fruit, toasted nut and hazelnut flavors for which this cheese is known, the company says. This year the Autumnal Equinox falls on September 22nd at exactly 7:21 am PDT. On this day and again in the spring the Earth’s axis makes the night time equal to the daytime which means approximately 12 hours of day and 12 hours of night. For centuries cultures worldwide have celebrated this time of year by honoring abundance, balance, conservation and reflection.
This year’s cheese uses milk only from Rogue Creamery’s own dairy. Grape leaves wrapping the cheese were picked by the Rogue Creamery team and community at a local biodynamic organic vineyard called Cowhorn.
Rogue River Blue is produced at the turning of the season, made with late-season milk produced after the autumnal equinox. At this time, the cows graze on grasses renewed by cooler temperatures and make milk that is richer and higher in butterfat. It is this special milk, reflective of the unique seasonal influences of the Rogue River Valley, which is the very essence of terroir. Each 5-pound wheel is aged from eight to 12 months. Rogue River is planning to transition the cheese to organic production next year.
Emmi Roth USA continues its winning ways with a best of show win for its Roth’s Private Reserve at the Wisconsin State Fair Cheese & Butter Contest. In addition, Emmi Roth’s Marc Druart was named the contest’s Grand Master Cheesemaker.
Roth’s Private reserve, which took first place in the smear ripened category beat out 340 other cheeses in 28 classes to win best of show.
Druart, who has been with Emmi Roth USA for five years said, “Seeing our Roth’s Private Reserve be recognized as best in show at the State Fair is a source of pride for all of us at Emmi Roth. We are all passionate about making great cheese and the quality of Roth’s Private Reserve is the result of that passion.”
Roth’s Private Reserve is made in small batches with raw milk in traditional copper kettles. It is aged at least six months in Emmi Roth USA’s cellars where it is washed, brushed, flipped and cared for throughout the aging process. It has won several previous awards including a first place in its category and a 2nd place best of show at the 2015 American Cheese Society.
Pavino cheese, from Emmi Roth USA, also won second place in the smear ripened category.