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Organic Leaders of the Americas Meet to Foster Trade, Cooperation

Organic leaders representing more than a half-million organic farmers throughout the Americas convened in Portland, Oregon, recently for the 9th Annual Inter-American Commission for Organic Agriculture (ICOA) Conference and discussed the latest research, challenges and opportunities for organic agriculture and trade in the Americas.

This year’s annual gathering marked the first time the conference was held in the United States and the first ICOA annual gathering hosted and organized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Organic Trade Association. It drew the heads of national organic programs and organic trade leaders from 13 nations outside the U.S. spanning South and Central America. ICOA and its conference promote organic agriculture, equivalency, standards alignment and trade among participating countries.

“The members of ICOA play an important role in the global organic industry,” said Laura Batcha, CEO and Executive Director for the Organic Trade Association. “Nearly 20 percent of all organic land in the world is contained in the 19 member countries, along with some 600,000 organic farmers and operations. These countries are also active in the global organic market, with the U.S. importing around $750 million worth of organic products from this region last year.”

“There has never been a more essential time for organic industry representatives from the United States, Central America and South America to gather, collaborate and align,” added Monique Marez, Director of International Trade at the Organic Trade Association. “We were delighted to serve as the host country and trade association. We look forward to taking part in an even more collaborative trade environment as a result of this highly productive conference.”

ICOA (identified in Spanish as CIAO) was established in 2008 by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA). Its mission is to help support organic agriculture in the Americas by building ties with countries within the hemisphere that have organic regulatory systems and standards, and also to support countries establishing an institutional process to regulate organic agriculture. Nineteen countries are members of ICOA. Attendees at the Portland conference represented member nations with still fledgling organic sectors to ones with well-established organic systems–Argentina, Chile, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Panama, Ecuador, Guatemala, Paraguay, Peru, Mexico, Colombia, Spain, Costa Rica, and the United States.

Providing Tools to Grow Organic

The organic sector in Central and South America is dominated by small family farmers, and those farmers are eager to obtain more educational information on organic agricultural practices and standards. The Organic Trade Association and the U.S. Department of Agriculture were praised for developing an informative agenda at the conference and providing attendees with useful tools that can be put into practice in their home countries.

“There are currently few Spanish-language resources on organic practices and certification, so having the Organic Trade Association and the U.S. Department of Agriculture offer this depth of information and training is incredibly valuable,” said Graciela Lacaze of Argentina, Executive Director of ICOA. “Attendees from both Spanish and Latin American countries came away with the tools necessary to strengthen the development of organic activity in their respective countries to further grow trade of their products.”

Leader of the U.S. delegation, Miles McEvoy, Deputy Administrator of the USDA’s National Organic Program, noted that a strong global control system for organic depends on collaboration and coordination with the global community through bodies like ICOA.

“We covered everything from organic benefits and equivalency standards to growth opportunities and trade arrangements at the ICOA meeting,” said McEvoy. “Continuing this work with ICOA is a crucial piece in protecting organic integrity through the global control system. I look forward to building meaningful connections and creating lasting results.”

The week-long conference included three days of meetings of ICOA’s General Assembly and a day-long public summit on international organic cooperation and trade within the Americas.

Director of the Oregon Department of Agriculture Alexis Taylor addressed the ICOA General Assembly on the importance of organic agriculture to Oregon’s farming community and to the state’s overall economy, and on the commitment of Oregon to organic and to a strong regulatory system for organic. “Oregon has a long history of supporting organic agriculture through strong regulatory framework and protecting integrity for consumers,” she said.

Presenters at the public summit included Nate Lewis, Farm Policy Director for the Organic Trade Association, speaking on how to build organic farmer coalitions and encourage farmers to transition to organic; Dr. Jessica Shade, Director of Science Programs for The Organic Center, presenting the latest research on the benefits of organic; and Monique Marez, who gave an update and analysis of global organic trade and imports.

The group also heard presentations on organic certification from Oregon Tilth Certified Organic (OTCO) and on organic standards from the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI).

The conference ended with a day-long field trip to area organic producers and retailers, including visits to Organic Trade Association members Bob’s Red Mill and New Seasons Market. Bob Moore, who founded Bob’s Red Mill with his wife Charlee in 1978 to produce healthy, organic whole grain flour and products, met with the group. The group also toured a store of New Seasons Market, the Portland-based organic and natural food store which since 2000 has been serving communities in Oregon, Washington and northern California.

“The Organic Trade Association has worked hard to become the go-to source of information on international trade,” said Marez. “We were excited to host this international meeting, and we’ll continue to advocate for and help advance organic in the global community.”

Mixed Milk Cheeses Offer Affordable Adventure

By Lorrie Baumann

A few cheesemakers who brought their wares to the Summer Fancy Food Show this year are offering new mixed-milk cheeses that they hope will be a gateway for inexperienced consumers into artisanal cheeses from the milk of animals other than cows. These cheeses blend flavors from the milk of goats and/or sheep to result in cheeses that have flavor notes that might be unfamiliar and interesting to neophyte cheese-lovers, but they’re combined with the reassuring familiarity of tastes of cow milk.

One of these is Landmark Creamery’s new Switchgrass, a mixed cow and sheep milk cheese for which the Wisconsin Center for Dairy Research collaborated on the recipe. The cheese has sweet, nutty characteristics like a sheep milk cheese, but because the cheese is made from cow milk as well, it can be offered at a retail price point in the lower $20s range rather than the price point dictated purely by the cost of sheep milk.

Landmark is a small Wisconsin creamery, just four years old, owned by Anna Thomas Bates and Anna Landmark, who make and age their cheeses in space belonging to other cheesemakers. The company has just launched a new Kickstarter campaign that the two Annas hope will produce the financing for new aging equipment and get them into their own aging space, Bates said.

LaClare Farms Cheesemaker Katie Fuhrmann is pursuing a similar idea with her GoCo, a fun cheddar cheese made with cow curds melded with goat milk curds. She’s also offering Blueberry Merlot Chandoka, a holiday spread made from her Chandoka, which tied for a second place in the Brest of Show category at the 2015 American Cheese Society Competition & Judging. That version of Chandoka was aged by Standard Market, but LaClare Farms, owned by Fuhrmann’s parents, Larry and Clare Hedrich, now has enough aging space to allow Chandoka to stay home to be aged there. The Blueberry Merlot Chandoka is a deeply decadent cheese spread, soft enough to be dipped out of its container with a finger when it’s at room temperature. The Merlot helps give it a beautiful caramel color as well as a deep fruitiness that helps to round out the flavor of the blueberries. This cheese is rich enough to make a satisfying after-dinner dessert as well as a cocktail party offering.

If you were lucky enough to have the chance to visit the Wisconsin Milk Marketing Board booth during the Summer Fancy Food Show, you probably enjoyed the flight of five Wisconsin cheddars that the WMMB had there. These included Vat 17 World Cheddar from Deer Creek Cheese, Hook’s Triple Play-Extra Innings from Hook’s Cheese, Heritage Weis 5-Year Cheddar from Red Barn Family Farms, Red Rock from Roelli Cheese Haus and 8-Year Aged Cheddar from Widmer’s Cheese Cellars.

Widmer’s Cheese Cellars is known for traditionally-made cheeses with assertive flavors, but Master Cheesemaker Joe Widmer also knows how to make a cheese that’s perfectly balanced so that these strong flavors comfort and satisfy. The Hook’s Triple Play is another example of these interesting mixed-milk cheeses, as it combines milk from cows, goats and sheep. Extra Innings is an extra-aged variety of the original Triple Play, which received a third-place award in the 2015 American Cheese Society contest. The Vat 17 World Cheddar was made from a mix of cheese cultures from the different styles of cheddar cheese that are made around the world, ending with a cheese that combines the flavors of a familiar American-style cheddar with the nuances of British cheddars. Altogether, these five cheeses offered a world of new flavors from a cheese you thought you already knew.

Walking on Sunshine (Wow!), and Don’t It Feel Good

By Lorrie Baumann

DSCN0541From his Sunshine Nut Company booth near the entrance of the KeHE Holiday Show, Don Larson, the company’s Founder and CEO, had a clear view of the jars where show attendees were dropping wooden tokens, each one representing a $5 donation to one of five charities serving human needs in Honduras and Haiti, Nepal, the U.S. and in Mozambique. He took a special interest in one of those jars, the one dedicated to The Sunshine Approach, the foundation arm of his gourmet roast cashew business, a business from which Larson reinvests 90 percent of profits back into the Mozambique communities where its products are produced.

The Sunshine Approach helps fund Sunshine Houses, homes in which abandoned and orphaned children are raised in a family setting by widows without other means of support. There are currently three Sunshine Homes, each caring for three or four children, with another two in development. Larson and his wife Terri hope that one day there will be hundreds more. The donation represented by the wooden tokens will help. KeHE has already provided funds for one Sunshine House and is sending a team to Mozambique in January to evaluate the project with a view to helping further. “We hope to have employee teams coming regularly to see what we are doing and help out,” Larson says.

Meanwhile, once Larson has completed his current selling and speaking tour outside Mozambique, he and Terri will return to the country where the 50 employees who operate his cashew roaster in Matola, about half an hour outside the capital in the southern tip of the country, process the cashew crops grown by 50,000 smallholding farmers and shelled by another 1,000 people, all of whom benefit from the American market for the Sunshine Nut Company products, which are now sold in 3,000 stores around the country and on QVC. “We’re homeless. We live a very modest life,” he says. “Our vehicles are over 20 years old, and we couldn’t be happier.”

A Single Origin Story

SunshineNutCo_TerriwithKidsLarson’s path to Mozambique started with 13 years at The Hershey Company, a company with its own unique history of using business as a means of funding a charitable purpose. Milton Hershey, who founded The Hershey Company, and his wife started the Milton Hershey School in 1909 to house and educate orphaned boys. On his wife’s death, Hershey donated his personal fortune to the trust that administers the school, and today, The Hershey Trust Company is the chocolate company’s largest shareholder. The school, now coeducational, provides homes, health care and education for more than 2,000 children.

At The Hershey Company, Larson gained experience in doing business in Africa, in global sourcing and in buying and processing cocoa. He also shared the sense of a mission to help others in need.

After he left the company in what now seems to him to have been a bit of a mid-life crisis, Larson went back to Africa looking for new opportunities to do business there. “I was just disillusioned with life, despite having everything,” he says. After some initial explorations in Tanzania, an English business investor suggested to him that he take a look at Mozambique, which had once had a thriving cashew industry that needed some help to reestablish it.

Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal in 1975 after a decade of armed struggle. The power struggle that followed Portugal’s exit from Mozambique plunged the country into a civil war that killed a million people, created vast numbers of widows and orphans, destroyed the country’s cashew industry and ended only with a 1992 peace agreement.

The peace deal held until 2013, when skirmishes began again between Mozambique’s government forces and insurgent rebels based in the northern half of the country. Today, Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in Africa, with more than half of its 24 million people living in poverty. Life expectancy there is 50 for men and 52 for women. There are many reasons why it’s a hard place for an orphaned kid to grow up and just as many reasons why the cashew industry had fallen into disarray and needed some help to recover.

After that investor suggested that he take a look at Mozambique, Larson made a trip to its capital, Maputo, in 2011. Government officials there were eager to meet with him and to assure him of their assistance if he’d come to the country and start a business that would contribute to its economy. Larson considered the assistance they offered through a free trade zone that now allows him to import his packaging and other materials into the country without paying import taxes, he met with cashew farmers, he met widows and orphans, and he decided that he was the guy and this was his new country. “I was willing to uproot my family to go there,” he says. When he went back to the United States, he and his wife started selling and donating everything they owned in preparation for a move to Mozambique that has now become a permanent plan for their future residence.

Even an incident in which his home was invaded by armed thieves who threatened his wife and children as well as his own life didn’t change his mind. As he tells the story now, the thieves pushed him around his house demanding his car keys, which he could never remember where he dropped when he came into the house. As the thieves’ leader counted down the seconds before they’d start firing their AK-47s, Larson asked his wife if she knew where he’d left his keys.

She reminded him that she’d told him over and over again that he needed to be more careful with his keys. As the thief’s count of the number of seconds left in his life went down to zero, Larson figured that admonition was going to be the last thing he ever heard from his wife.

“Fortunately, they started counting again, and I found my keys,” Larson says. “I gave them the keys, and they were off.”

Larson and his family never even thought of leaving the country to its own devices, both Don and Terri Larson say. “It cemented our relationship with the people there,” Terri says. “They knew what had happened, and it showed them that we were committed.”

“We’ve been through a lot,” her husband adds. “We’re not going anywhere.”

Planting the Seeds

Larson established relationships with cashew brokers and planted 2,000 cashew trees in five villages, towards a goal of 50,000 trees. “We want smallholder farmers to treat cashews as a cash crop,” he says. In three years, those trees will begin producing crops, and then they’ll continue producing for the next 50 years with minimal care.

He built a processing plant that can handle 70,000 pounds of cashews per month at full capacity, and he hired African workers, many of them women, to run it. A larger facility is in the planning stage. “We want to create jobs with dignity,” Larson says.



Most of the plant’s employees were abandoned or orphaned in their youth. Before they can be hired, they have to be at least 20 years old and have completed at least grade 10, but once they’ve joined the company they’re eligible for promotions that put them in line to take over the factory. “They are among some of the best employees I’ve managed. … They just need to be given an opportunity to show they can make a difference. … I can leave for six weeks, and the plant just keeps running to the highest standard.”

While Don Larson was out resuscitating the local cashew industry, Terri Larson began forming relationships with local women and children as the Sunshine Nut Company’s Director of Social Impact and as “Mama Terri” to the kids. Ten percent of Mozambique’s children have been orphaned, and there’s an equal number of elderly women who were widowed during the civil war and are struggling to survive, Larson says. The Sunshine Houses are an answer to that problem, but grinding poverty affects more than just orphans, and so Terri puts on a community meal once a week, and every year, each orphan in local centers gets a piece of cake and a birthday gift.

It’s all working so well that economic development authorities around the world have begun to take notice and to ask Larson how The Sunshine Nut Company project might be replicated in other impoverished communities around the world. He’s been asked to speak to the World Economic Forum, and there have been TED Talks fitted in around Larson’s trips out of Mozambique as the company’s head salesman. Larson has figured out a factory in a box concept in which he can pack everything he needs to build and run a cashew plant in one 40-foot shipping container, and he’s thinking about other places in the world that could use the idea. “There was a lot of laughter in the beginning,” he says as he recalls the days when people listened to his early dreams of Africa and told him that he was just nuts to think this cashew business could actually work. “They’re not laughing anymore.”

The Sunshine Nuts

SunshineNutCo_CashewAppleThe cashews that arrive at the market in Sunshine Nut Company pouches start out attached to cashew apples, the pear-shaped red fruit of the cashew tree. Extruding from the apples is a seed case that exudes a toxic serum when it’s breached. Inside that, a single cashew nut is protected from the toxin by a fibrous skin. After the cashews are shelled, they go into a roaster and then into a foil-lined package that protects them from air and moisture, so they stay incredibly fresh. While most other African cashews are shipped off the continent to be shelled in India or Vietnam, those cashews then travel out of the shell in plastic bags before they get roasted, which means they’re getting stale for anywhere from three months to a year before they’re safely packaged, Sunshine Nut Company cashews are harvested, roasted and packaged in Mozambique. “We get them out of the shell and into the package in days versus months,” Larson says. “Our cashews are so fresh.”

SunshineNutCo_AlyssaJiosaSaltedThe Sunshine Nut Company is certified to the FSSC 22,000 standard for food safety, and, with their high-quality packaging, the nuts have a two-year shelf life without preservatives. There are four flavors: Roasted and Perfectly Plain, Roasted with a Sprinkling of Salt, Roasted with a Handful of Herbs and Roasted with a Spark of Spices. The herbed variety is flavored with a Mediterranean herb blend, while the spiced variety has just enough spice to give it some zing. “We have raving fans – people who say they want to finish the whole bag,” Larson says. “People truly think this is a differentiated cashew. I’ve chosen herbs and spices that don’t mask the flavor.”

The 7-ounce bag retails for about $5.99. The retail pricing hasn’t yet been determined for the 2.1-ounce bag that’s coming along shortly.

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